The Ebola virus has killed a number of people in Western Africa, leaving thousands either infected or exposed. The cause of this deadly virus which kills almost 60-90% of it’s victims is still unknown, however, it is believed to be transmitted by fruit bats (also monkeys) which are not affected by the virus.
As scary as these disease is, having a full knowledge of how the virus operates and prevention methods can keep you and those around you from contracting it.
What is EBOLA?
Ebola virus disease (EVD) or Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) is a disease of humans and other primates caused by the Ebola virus. Symptoms start two days to three weeks after contracting the virus, with a fever, sore throat, muscle pain, and headaches. Typically nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea follow, along with decreased functioning of the liver and kidneys. Around this time, some affected people begin to bleed either within the body or externally. The risk of death among those infected is high.
Is Ebola Contagious?
Yes, Ebola is highly contagious; being transmitted via contact with body fluids such as blood, saliva, semen or body discharges. About 90% of people that contact Ebola die from it.
Is There Any Known Treatment?
This is the most painful part….Ebola has no known treatment or cure. Victims are usually treated for symptoms with the faint hope that they recover. The symptoms generally take 2 – 21 days to become apparent.
What Are The Symptoms?–
These are deceptively general – tending to look a lot like malaria or a flu. These symptoms include fever, headache, diarrhoea, vomiting, weakness, joint and muscle aches, stomach pains, lack of appetite, etc.
How Do We Prevent Ourselves From Contracting This Virus?
• Wash Your Hands with Soap always at intervals and after using the washrooms. You can also use a good hand sanitizer afterwards.
• Avoid unnecessary contact – saliva via kissing, unprotected sex, contact with blood, etc.
• Avoid bush Meat & Suya (they may be carrying the virus). Better to restrict yourself to food you prepare yourself.
• Disinfect Your Surroundings..the virus cannot survive disinfectants, heat, direct sunlight, detergents and soaps.
•Clean up! Fumigate your environment If you have pests and dispose of carcasses properly!
• Protect Yourself – Use protective gear if you must care or go near someone you suspect has Ebola.
• Educate everyone around you – neighbors, colleagues and domestic staff. You’re safer when everyone is educated about Ebola
As deadly as this disease is, it is preventable! So, it is imperative that we adhere strictly to the preventive actions.
Our health is in our hands. Please be safe and act safely. Don’t just read this vital information, kindly share with your family, friends and relatives.