You hear all the talk about sulphates, silicones and alcohols and wonder what they really mean. Find out here as we break down their hair care meanings and which types to avoid in hair products.
Sulphates are found in any shampoo — or any cleanser, for that matter — that produces suds. In the past, the presence of suds has made consumers feel as though the product was working. As it turns out, the sulfates that produce the chemical process aren’t very good for your skin or your hair.
When you use a shampoo that contains sulphates, you strip away more than dirt and excess oil from your scalp. You also remove natural oils that your hair needs to stay healthy. The absence of natural oils can cause dry and itchy scalp, dandruff and frizzy hair.
Going Sulphate Free
Instead of lathering with a shampoo containing sulphates, wash your hair with a clarifying shampoo. Clarifying shampoos do not produce suds but still clean your hair thoroughly. If you have curly hair, skip shampoo altogether and use a cleansing conditioner instead.
GOOD CLEANSING OPTIONS IN HAIR PRODUCTS
-Sodium cocoyl isethionate
-disodium lautreth sulfosuccinate
BAD SULPHATES IN HAIR PRODUCTS
-Alkyl Benzene Sulfonate
-Ammonium laureth sulfate
-Ammonium lauryl sulfate
-Sodium C14-16 Olefin Sulfonate
-Sodium cocoyl sarcosinate
-Sodium laureth sulfate
-Sodium lauryl sulfate
-Sodium lauryl sulfoacetate
-Sodium myreth sulfate
-Ethyl PEG-15 cocamine sulfate
-Dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate
There are two types of silicones: Water soluble and non-soluble silicones. Water soluble silicones are ones that can be washed away with water and nothing more. Non-soluble silicones are exactly the opposite of its soluble counterparts. Non-soluble silicones require sulfates in order to be washed away. While there are two categories of silicones, one type is not better than the other because silicones do not actually benefit the hair in any way. In fact, silicones only give the “appearance” of healthier hair. Silicones coat the hair to make it appear sleeker, frizz free and healthier. For example, silicones found in conditioners, hair polishers and frizz taming products coat the strands to make them “appear” sleeker and more polished. They also add a bit of weight to give fine, fragile hair substance. In essence, silicone based products only provide a temporary smoothing effect.
GOOD SILICONES IN HAIR PRODUCTS
-Lauryl methicone copolyol (water soluble)
-Lauryl PEG/PPG-18/18 Methicone
-Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein -Hydroxypropyl Polysiloxane (water soluble)
-Dimethicone Copolyol (water soluble)
-PEG-Dimethicone, or any other ‘cone with “PEG-” suffix (water soluble)
-PEG-Hydrogenated Castor Oil
-Natural oils: Avocado oil, Olive oil, Coconut oil, etc.
-Benzophenone-2, ( or 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10) – sunscreen
-Methychloroisothiazolinone – preservative
-Methylisothiazolinone – preservative
SILICONES TO AVOID IN HAIR PRODUCTS
The kind of alcohol found in shampoos and conditioners is cetyl or stearyl alcohol. This type of alcohol actually helps condition hair to make it softer. Some alcohols is found in hairsprays and some other styling aids contain ingredients that makes hairspray dry quickly which may be detrimental to hair health.
MOISTURIZING ALCOHOLS IN HAIR PRODUCTS
ALCOHOLS TO AVOID IN HAIR PRODUCTS
-SD alcohol 40
Would you be looking out for any of these ingredients when next you purchase any hair product?